Basic Skin Care

All of us have skin that falls under five basic types, sensitive, sun damaged, dry, combination or oily. Several factors go into determining what kind of skin you have. Your genes play a big role in skin types, but stress, diet and even some medications that you take also promote certain types of skin.

If you have oily skin, the most important rule is to keep it clean. Using an ex foliate to unclog pores and deter any breakouts of acne and never use harsh cleansers. Choose a cleanser that is mild and doesn’t contain wax, oil or lipids. Never scrub your skin and use warm water to help dissolve the oil.

Use an astringent to remove oil and tighten the skin. Choose one that contains alcohol and acetone and apply right after cleansing. Oily skin don’t need much moisturizing, follow the rules for your cleanser, no oil, wax or lipids.

As we age our skin naturally becomes more dry promoting winkles and fine lines. The best cleanser for dry skin will contain either almond, olive or avocado oil. Massage your skin as you clean it to promote oil production. Always use a mild cleanser and be generous with the moisturizer!

Dry skin really doesn’t need an astringent, but if you feel you have to use one make sure it’s alcohol and acetone free. A good night cream that has mineral oil can rejuvenate your skin and if they contain Alpha Hydroxy or retinoid they will even help reduce age spots and wrinkling.

Combination skin care creates a little challenge, you can’t treat your whole face the same! Use a gentle cleanser that doesn’t contain soap, but does have a moisturizer. You should at least use an exfoliate on the oily areas, but don’t scrub your skin.

Products that have retinoids and Alpha Hydroxy work great for combination skin. And, you’ll get better results if you use oil free moisturizers on the oily sections and heavier moisturizers on the dry areas. Many skin care products and cosmetics are now available that are made especially for combination skin.

All natural products work best for sensitive skin, allergens and fragrances will irritate the skins surface. A mild soap made for babies works great as a cleanser and you should pat not rub the skin dry with a soft towel. Products made especially for sensitive skin will be free of any chemicals and fragrances.

If your skin is badly sun damaged you may only be able to get adequate results from a dermatologist. But, there are a few over the counter options if you only have mild or moderate damage. Alpha Hydroxy and skin preparations containing vitamin C can produce some results, but may take months.

Written by Connie Corder, Copyright 2010

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